CSEN

Upon reaching a depth of 6 meters (approximately 20 feet) below the current ground level, we encountered a layer of bed rock indicating that the ancients had not dug deeper to build the kurgan. We cleaned the walls of Layer 6 the pit (no. 27), and washed the wall of Layer 7 by throwing water from the pit bottom upon the walls. This removed the soil, exposing the rock stratigraphy. After taking record photographs of all sides of the pit that now measured 5.55 m (north-south) by 4.10 m (east-west), we again inspected the sides and determined that there was no evidence of any archaeological remains in the pit. We did not find any human remains in the excavation or any other evidence to indicate that the mound had been constructed for any other purpose except as a sacred cultic site. The quantity and type of artifacts also supported this conclusion (artifacts beginning on p. 10). The kurgan was restored with all the rocks and dirt replaced so that it will continue to be a ritual location where the Mongols can continue to perform their cultic and religious ceremonies.

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27. Cleaning the walls of the pit