CSEN

The layer of level 3 field stones ((no. 17) was not as thick as those of level 1 and did not entirely cover the mound. We cleaned the edges of the central mound beyond the periphery of the stones removing the humus layer. This left a depression around the exterior edge of the central mound (no. 18). In areas on the central mound that were not covered with stones we began to encounter large quantities of wood (no. 19) and as we excavated removing humus soil and stones we could see that the ancients had laid a framework of logs over the central mound that emulated the roof of a ger or yurt. I should note that after removing the Layer 1 rocks there was a distinct depression in the northern side of the central mound and that the rocks of layer 3 covering the depression seemed to be placed differently than over the remainder of the mound. This sunken area and its location corresponded with the placement of horse burials outside the log structures in Pazyryk and the Ukok burials in southern Siberia. As we expected to find a burial in the central mound, we assumed that the depressed area was over the area where horses had been buried. To see if we could determine if there were a pit in this area we opened Test Pit 7 (no. 20).

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17. Stones, level 3
18. Depression at the edge of the central mound, Level 3
19. Wood log, Level 3
20. Test pit 7