CSEN

The mound, or kurgan, was divided into four quadrants (I through IV, see schematic on page 12) and Tsengel of the Mongol staff, made a detailed drawing of all the stones. Surveying was begun using a Leica laser theodolite. We also excavated a 3 x 1 meter test pit across the eastern perimeter of the exterior path to a depth of about 50cm. No evidence of any activity, such as cultic pits or artifacts was apparent. As the Mongol students were not scheduled to arrive for some days, Kazaks from the neighboring mining village (15 kilometers to the southwest toward Ulgii) came, set up their yurt near the kurgan and removed the top layer of stones (10). These were carried beyond the exterior ring of stones so that the general configuration of the kurgan would not be disturbed. I had noted that there was a significant depression between the eastern double path. We cut a test pit 3.0 x 1.0 meters about half-way between the kurgan and the ring and a second test pit at the margin of the kurgan (no. 11). The latter test pit showed that the humus layer was depressed indicating that the ancients had used this as an entry way to the mound during construction. During the course of the excavation many artifacts were recovered; these are discussed later .

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9. Looking toward camp
10. Kazaks carrying stone
11. Edge of kurgan